Did You Know? The average adult spine consists of 33 vertebrae.
83 Million Americans Indicate That Back Pain Affects Basic Functioning in Their Everyday Lives
Fortunately, surgical advances have improved the process of repairing herniated discs from large incisions and long recovery periods to a minimally invasive procedure called microdiscectomy.
The following guide provides information on herniated disc problems as well as a description of microdiscectomy procedures.
01 | Disc Herniation
Lumbar disc herniation occurs when a disc in the lower back bulges out. This herniated disc may press on nerves of the spinal cord, causing pain, numbness and weakness in the area of the body wear the nerve travels. A herniated disc in the lower back can cause sciatica – pain and numbness in the buttock and down the affected leg.
02 | When Microdiscectomy is Recommended
When the herniation progresses and damaged tissue extends into the spinal column, it presses against nerves and sends pain signals to the brain. This pain is interpreted to be coming from the legs. If the pain from sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks, microdiscectomy may be indicated.
03 | How the Procedure is Performed
This procedure removes the disc material that is bulging from the disc and putting pressure on the nerves. The patient is placed under general anesthesia and placed facedown.
04 | Recovery
A physical or occupational therapist will likely meet with you before leaving the hospital/surgery center to give you post-op instructions and exercises to perform to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles around the spine.
For the first week or two, you should expect to rest. Avoid lifting heavy objects for 2-4 weeks. Full recovery time is approximately six weeks.
Learn more about the procedure here: https://www.spine-health.com/video/microdiscectomy-surgery-video-a-spine-surgeon-explains-procedure