Did You Know? Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss
More Than 200,000 Americans Are Diagnosed With Macular Degeneration Each Year
Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a progressive disease caused by either the deterioration of the central portion of the retina or leaky blood vessels under the retina. The retina’s central portion, the macula, controls our ability to read, drive, recognize faces and see objects in fine detail. AMD affects more than 10 million Americans and is more common than cataracts and glaucoma combined.
In an effort to raise awareness of this condition and to promote general vision health, the following guide has been prepared, summarizing the cause of Macular Degeneration, its symptoms, and treatment options.
01 | Cause
The exact cause of Macular Degeneration is unknown; however, both hereditary and environmental elements are suspected. Studies have shown that Caucasians are more likely to develop the disease than other ethnicities and smoking doubles the risk of AMD. There are two main types of Macular Degeneration:
02 | Symptoms
The symptoms of AMD are subtle, and typically begin with a dim, blurry spot in the middle of your vision. Color perception may also become weakened. If you experience either of these symptoms, consult an Ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
03 | Diagnosis & Treatment
AMD can be detected during a routine eye exam. Your eye specialist will notice tiny yellow deposits under the retina when examining the eyes. The physician may also recommend an angiography (OCT) to look for leaky blood vessels behind the eye.
Although there is no cure for AMD, with early diagnosis and proper treatment, the progression of the disease can be managed. Some options include:
04 | Conclusion
If you are exhibiting symptoms of AMD or have been recently diagnosed, speak with your eye specialist about what the best treatment option is for you as well as what lifestyle changes can slow the progression of the disease.
To learn more about AMD, please visit: http://www.eyesight.org/