Facts About Anaphylaxis

Posted Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Did You Know? Allergies have increased by 50% in the U.S.  

Anaphylaxis Occurs in About 1 in 20 Americans  

At Least 40 Deaths Occur Each Year Due to Insect Sting Reactions

Most allergy sufferers develop mild to moderate symptoms including watery eyes, a runny nose or a rash. However, for some, exposure to an allergen can cause a life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis.  

This resource has been design to educate patients on what anaphylaxis is, symptoms, common triggers and Be S.A.F.E action steps.     

01 | What is Anaphylaxis?

Anaphylaxis is a severe reaction that occurs when an over-release of chemicals puts a person into shock.  Allergies to food, insect stings, medications and latex are most frequently associated with anaphylaxis.  

02 | Symptoms

Anaphylactic symptoms can occur suddenly and can progress quickly from mild to severe.  Symptoms include:  

  • Trouble breathing
  • Hives or swelling
  • Tightness of the throat
  • Hoarse voice
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Low blood pressure
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Feeling of doom
  • Cardiac arrest
     

 03 | Triggers

Allergic triggers vary, the most common triggers include:

  • Food: including peanuts, tree nuts such as walnuts and pecans, fish, shellfish, cow’s milk and eggs.
  • Latex: found in disposable gloves, intravenous tubes, syringes, adhesive tapes and catheters.
  • Medication: including penicillin, aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, and anesthesia.
  • Insect sting: with bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets and fire ants


04 | Be S.A.F.E. Action Guide

Allergists and emergency physicians have created the Be S.A.F.E. action guide to outline the steps to take during and after an allergic emergency. 

S - Seek immediate medical help

A - Identify the Allergen

F - Follow up with a specialist

E - Carry Epinephrine for emergencies  

For more additional anaphylaxis resources and information, please visit: http://www.foodallergy.org/most-popular-resources  

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References

http://www.aafa.org/page/anaphylaxis-in-america.aspx 

http://www.foodallergy.org/anaphylaxis 

http://www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/information-resources/

 

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